Biographies of past number theorists and various items of historical interest

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Some biographies of past contributors to number theory

Some of the major sources of obituaries of mathematicians are:
  1. The Mactutor History of Mathematics (MacTutor)
  2. Russian Mathematical Surveys (RMS)
  3. Acta Arithmetica (AA)
  4. Notices of the Americal Mathematical Society (NAMS)
  5. Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society (BLMS)
  6. Journal of the London Mathematical Society (JLMS) (Pre BLMS)
  7. Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society (PLMS) (Pre JLMS)
  8. The Mathematical Intelligencer
  9. Journal of Number Theory
  10. Mathematicians of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries (David Wilkins' transcriptions from A Short Account of the History of Mathematics, by W.W. Rouse Ball)
  11. Historia Mathematica
A glance at Paulo Ribenboim's Fermat's Last Theorem for amateurs, Franz Lemmermeyer's Reciprocity Laws and L.E. Dickson's History of the Theory of Numbers, reveals the existence of many past number theorists about whom little is known.
Any corrections, extra information or links to additional online biographies should be passed on to Keith Matthews at webmaster@numbertheory.org


[ A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M ]
[ N | O | P | R | S | T | U | V | W | Z ]

  1. Alexander Aigner (Wikipedia)
  2. Helen Popova Alderson
  3. William (Red) Alford
  4. William S. Anglin (1949-2004)
  5. Nesmith Ankeny
  6. Roger Apéry
  7. Peter Friedrich Arndt (Wikipedia)
  8. Cahit Arf (MacTutor)
  9. Emil Artin
    • Emil Artin (MacTutor)
    • Emil Artin, his life and his work, (by Hans Zassenhaus, Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic V, No. 1, January 1964)
    • Creating a life: Emil Artin in America, Della Dumbaugh and Joachim Schwermer, Bull. Amer. Math. Soc 50 (2013), 321-330
  10. Oliver Atkin
  11. Frederick Valentine Atkinson (Angelo B. Mingarelli)
  12. L. Aubry
  13. James Burton Ax (1937-2006)
  14. Raymond Ayoub (1923-2013)
  15. A. A. Krishnaswami Ayyangar
  16. Paul Gustav Heinrich Bachmann (MacTutor)
  17. Mark Borisovich Barban (RMS)
  18. Eric Stephen Barnes
  19. Paul Bateman
  20. Mihály Bauer (MacTutor)
  21. Felix Behrend
  22. Eric Temple Bell (MacTutor)
  23. Gennadii Vladimirovich Belyi (1951-2001) Russ. Math. Surv. 57 981 (2002)
  24. Anne-Marie Bergé
  25. Joseph Louis François Bertrand (MacTutor)
  26. William Edward Hodgson Berwick
  27. Arne Karl August Beurling
  28. Bhaskara (MacTutor)
  29. Jacques de Billy (MacTutor)
  30. Hans Frederick Blichfeldt (MacTutor. Also see Stanford University memorial page)
  31. Fritz Blumer (1904-1988)
  32. Stjepan Bohniček (1872-1956)
  33. Alfred Theodore Brauer (MacTutor)
  34. Joel Lee Brenner (1912-1997)
  35. Robert Breusch (1907-1995)
  36. Béla Brindza (1958-2003)
  37. Viggo Brun
    • Viggo Brun (from an obituary by C. Scriba, Historia Mathematica 7 (1980), 1-6)
    • Viggo Brun (Christoph Scriba, Mitt. Math. Ges. Hamburg 11 (1985) 271-290)
    • Viggo Brun (Sigmund Selberg: Norske Vid. Selsk. Forh. (Trondheim) (1979) 57-61 - in Norwegian)
  38. Aleksandr Adol'fovich Bukhshtab (RMS)
  39. Viktor Yakovlevich Bunyakovsky (MacTutor)
  40. David G. Cantor passed away on November 19, 2012
  41. Leonard Carlitz
  42. Robert Daniel Carmichael (Wikipedia)
  43. Eugène Charles Catalan (MacTutor)
  44. Claude Chabauty
  45. John H. Chalk
  46. David Gawen Champernowne (ICGA Journal 23 December 2000)
  47. Albert Châtelet (MacTutor)
  48. François Châtelet (Wikipedia)
  49. Nikolai Grigorievich Chebotaryov (MacTutor)
  50. Pafnuty Lvovich Chebyshev (MacTutor)
  51. Thyagaraju Chelluri
  52. Chen Jingrun (Wikipedia)
  53. Claude Chevalley (MacTutor)
  54. Sarvadaman Chowla
  55. Nikolai Grigor'evich Chudakov
  56. Paul Cohen biography (Wikipedia), Paul J. Cohen memorial web page
  57. Harvey Cohn died on May 16, 2014
  58. Robert Coleman (1954-2014)
  59. George Erskine Cooke (21/5/1942-19/12/1976)
  60. Albert Everett Cooper
  61. Harald Cramér (MacTutor)
  62. Richard Crandall (1947-2012)
  63. Allan Joseph Champneys Cunningham (JLMS)
  64. Harold Davenport
  65. Clive Selwyn Davis (1916-2009)
  66. Nicolaas Govert de Bruijn (MacTutor)
  67. Julius Wilhelm Richard Dedekind (MacTutor)
  68. Hubert Delange (1913-2003)
  69. Boris Nikolaevich Delone
  70. Max Deuring
    • Max Deuring (from the Göttingen Collection - also see Martin Kneser, Jahresbericht der Deutschen Mathematiker Vereinigung 89 (1987) 135-143, Peter Roquette, ibid 91 (1989) 109-125)
    • Max Deuring (AA)
  71. Leonard Eugene Dickson (MacTutor)
  72. Diophantus of Alexandria (MacTutor)
  73. Johann Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet
  74. Bohuslav Diviš (Also see J. Number Theory 9 1977, v-vii) and PhD tree
  75. Mary Dolciani
  76. Alain Durand (Lecture Notes in Mathematics 1415)
  77. Bernard Dwork
  78. Martin Eichler
    • Martin Eichler (AA)
    • Martin Eichler (MacTutor)
    • Leben und Werk von Martin Eichler, Elemente der Mathematik 49 (1994) 45-60 (by Jürg Kramer)
  79. Ferdinand Gotthold Max Eisenstein (MacTutor)
  80. Otto Endler (1929-1988)
  81. Paul Epstein
  82. Eratosthenes of Cyrene (MacTutor)
  83. Paul Erdös
  84. Theodor Estermann
  85. Dennis Estes (June 18, 1941- Feb. 1, 1999)
  86. Euclid of Alexandria (MacTutor)
  87. Leonhard Euler
  88. Graham Everest (Wikipedia)
  89. Dmitrii Konstantinovich Faddeev
  90. Naum Il'ich Feldman
  91. Pierre de Fermat
  92. Nathan Fine (NAMS)
  93. Ernests Fogels
  94. Giovanni Frattini (MacTutor)
  95. Ferdinand Georg Frobenius (MacTutor)
  96. Albrecht Fröhlich
  97. Wolfgang Fuchs (NAMS)
  98. Karl Rudolf Fueter
  99. Philipp Furtwängler (1869-1940) (Obituary: JDMV 50 1940, 167-178)
  100. Steve Galovich
  101. Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss
  102. Leopold Bernhard Gegenbauer (MacTutor)
  103. Aleksandr Osipovich Gelfond
  104. Angelo Genocchi (MacTutor)
  105. Marie-Sophie Germain (MacTutor)
  106. Frank Emmett Gerth III
  107. James Whitbread Lee Glaisher (MacTutor)
  108. Herbert James Godwin (1922-2005)
  109. Christian Goldbach (MacTutor)
  110. Irving John (Jack) Good (1916-2009) (Virginia Tech)
  111. Basil Gordon (1931-2011) Also see On the work of Basil Gordon
  112. William Sealey Gosset (MacTutor)
  113. Jorgen Pedersen Gram (MacTutor)
  114. George Greaves (BLMS 43, (2011) 203-205)
  115. Emil Grosswald
  116. Fritz Grunewald (MacTutor)
  117. Andrew Paul Guinand (MacTutor)
  118. Stan Gurak
  119. Jacques Salomon Hadamard (MacTutor)
  120. Heini Halberstam died on January 25, 2014 in Champaign IL, at the age of 87
  121. Marshall Hall Jr. (MacTutor)
  122. Harris Hancock
  123. Godfrey Harold Hardy
  124. Colin Brian Haselgrove (MacTutor)
  125. Helmut Hasse
  126. David Ryan Hayes (MacTutor)
  127. Erich Hecke
  128. Kurt Heegner
  129. Hans Arnold Heilbronn (MacTutor)
  130. Kurt Hensel (MacTutor)
  131. Jacques Herbrand (MacTutor)
  132. Charles Hermite (MacTutor)
  133. Gustav Herglotz (MacTutor)
  134. David Hilbert
  135. Edmund Hlawka, born on Nov 5th 1916 in Bruck an der Mur (Styria), died on Feb 19th 2009 in Vienna
  136. Ludwig Holzer (1891-1968) (Rudolf Einhorn: Rostock. Math. Kolloq. No. 27, (1985) 23-30)
  137. Loo-keng Hua
  138. Adolf Hurwitz
  139. Jun-ichi Igusa
  140. Masatoshi Gündüz Ikeda (MacTutor)
  141. Albert Edward Ingham
  142. Kustaa Inkeri
  143. Kenkichi Iwasawa
  144. Shokichi Iyanaga
  145. Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi
  146. Ernst Jacobsthal
  147. Vojtěch Jarník
    • Vojtěch Jarník (MacTutor)
    • Life and work of Vojtěch Jarník, Břetislav Novák, Published by the Union of Czech Mathematicians and Physicists, Zitna 25, Praha 1, Czech Republik
    • Vojtěch Jarník (AA)
  148. Michał Kalecki (Wikipedia)
  149. Pierre Kaplan
  150. Irving Kaplansky
  151. Erich Kamke
  152. Shri Dattathreya Ramachandra Kaprekar
  153. Anatolii Alexeevich Karatsuba (1937-2008) (photo)
  154. Aubrey J. Kempner
  155. Aleksandr Yakovlevich Khinchin (MacTutor)
  156. Hendrik Douwe Kloosterman
  157. Stanislaw Knapowski (MacTutor)
  158. John Knopfmacher
  159. Marvin Knopp (1933-2011)
  160. Chao Ko (Wikipedia)
  161. Niels Fabian Helge von Koch (MacTutor)
  162. Jurjen Ferdinand Koksma (MacTutor)
  163. Kjell Kolden
  164. Ivan Korec
  165. Alexander Nikolaevich Korkine (in Russian) (english translation by Bob Burns)
  166. Miloš Kössler
  167. Leopold Kronecker (MacTutor)
  168. Jonas Petrovich Kubilius
  169. Ernst Eduard Kummer (MacTutor)
  170. Sigekatu Kuroda
    • Sigekatu Kuroda (MacTutor)
    • Sigekatu Kuroda (J. Number Theory 7 1975, 1-4)
  171. Rodion Osievich Kuz'min (Wikipedia)
  172. Nikolai Vasil'evitch Kuznetsov (1939-2010)
  173. Joseph-Louis Lagrange
  174. Gabriel Lamé (MacTutor)
  175. Edmund Georg Hermann Landau
  176. Serge Lang
  177. Bob Laxton (1933-2002)
  178. Victor Amédée Lebesgue (1791-1875) (Les-mathematiques.net)
  179. Adrien-Marie Legendre
  180. Derrick Henry Lehmer (AA)
  181. Emma Lehmer
  182. Cornelis Gerrit Lekkerkerker (Nieuw Archief voor Wiskunde)
  183. Heinrich-Wolfgang Leopoldt (obituary by Peter Roquette)
  184. Heinrich-Wolfgang Leopoldt (MacTutor)
  185. Mathias Lerch (MacTutor)
  186. William Judson LeVeque (NAMS)
  187. Norman Levinson (MacTutor)
  188. Richard P. Lewis died on 26th July 2007
  189. Pierre Liardet died on August 29, 2014
  190. Frederick Lindemann - Lord Cherwell (1886-1957) (Wikipedia)
  191. Edward Hubert Linfoot (J.H. Bell: BLMS 16 (1984) 52-58); J. Linfoot: Math. Intelligencer 15 (1993) 39-43
  192. Yuri Vladimirovich Linnik
  193. Joseph Liouville (MacTutor)
  194. John Edensor Littlewood
  195. Wilhelm Ljunggren (MacTutor)
    • The Collected Papers of Wilhelm Ljunggren, Ed. Paulo Ribenboim, Queen's papers in pure and applied mathematics 115, 2003
  196. Robert Landis Long
  197. Salomon Lubelski (AA)
  198. François Edouard Anatole Lucas (MacTutor)
  199. Hans Maass (Wikipedia)
  200. Alexander Murray Macbeath
  201. Manohar Lal Madan died on April 3, 2011
  202. Kurt Mahler
  203. Wilhelm Maier (1896-1990)
  204. Edmond Maillet
  205. Henry Mann (Ohio collection)
  206. Alla Lavrik-Männlin (March 2nd, 1964-February 14th, 2003)
  207. Andrei Andreyevich Markov (MacTutor)
  208. George Ballard Mathews
  209. Emile Léonard Mathieu (MacTutor)
  210. Daniel Friedrich Ernst Meissel (MacTutor)
  211. Puliyakot Kesava Menon (1917-1979) (Bull. Math. Assoc. India 18 (1986), no. 1-4, 21-24)
  212. Franz Mertens (MacTutor)
  213. William H. Mills (November 9, 1921- March 7, 2007) (See A prime-representing function, Bull. Amer. Math. Soc., Volume 53, Number 12 (1947), 1196-1196, also Wikipedia article
  214. Hermann Minkowski
  215. Dimitry Mirimanoff
  216. Leon Mirsky (BLMS 18 (1986) 195-206)
  217. Richard Anthony Mollin died on 24th June 2014
  218. August Ferdinand Möbius (MacTutor)
  219. Louis Joel Mordell
  220. Taro Morishima (Wikipedia)
  221. Leo Moser
  222. Theodore Samuel Motzkin
  223. Thomas Muir (MacTutor)
  224. Trygve Nagell (AA)
    • The Collected Papers of Trygve Nagell, Ed. Paulo Ribenboim, Queen's papers in pure and applied mathematics 121, 2003
  225. Christopher Eastick Nelson (?-1973)
  226. Jürgen Neukirch, (1937-1997) in memoriam by Theodor Bröcker
  227. Donald J. Newman (Wikipedia)
  228. Morris Newman
  229. Ivan Niven (obituary by Kenneth Ross)
  230. Břetislav Novák
  231. Robert Winston Keith Odoni (Sept 2003 issue, Glasgow Math. Journal)
  232. Carl Douglas Olds
  233. Vyacheslav Alekseevich Oleinikov (RMS)
  234. Kathleen Timpson Ollerenshaw (MacTutor)
  235. Alexander Oppenheim
  236. Hans-Heinrich Ostmann (Wikipedia), also (Obituary JDMV 86, 1984, 31-35)
  237. Oystein Ore (MacTutor)
  238. Alexander Markowich Ostrowski
  239. Ali Özlük 1952-2012
  240. Gordon Pall (no biography)
  241. Pan Chengdong
  242. William Parry Royal Society Memoirs
  243. Wilhelm Patz (no biography)
  244. William Barry Pennington (BLMS)
  245. Oskar Perron
  246. Hans Petersson (MacTutor)
  247. Walter Philipp
  248. Ilya Piatetski-Shapiro (1929-2009)
  249. Joachim Piehler
  250. Jean François Théophile Pépin (Wikipedia)
  251. Subbayya Sivasankaranarayana Pillai
  252. Nils Pipping (1890-1982)
  253. Charles Pisot
  254. Peter Arthur Barry Pleasants (24th August 1939- 20th April 2008)
  255. Henry Cabourn Pocklington Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society, Vol. 8, No. 22 (Nov. 1953) 555-565 (JSTOR)
  256. Felix Pollaczek
  257. George Pólya (MacTutor)
  258. Alf van der Poorten (1942-2010)
  259. J. Popken (1905-1970) (H. Jager, C.G.Lekkerkerker: Nieuw Archief voor Wiskunde 19 (1971) 1-9)
  260. Aleksei Georgievich Postnikov (RMS)
  261. Karl Prachar (1924-1994) (E. Hlawka: Monatshefte für Math. 121 (1996) 1-9)
  262. Hans Rademacher
  263. Steve Rallis (AMS Notices)
  264. Kanakanahalli Ramachandra
  265. Kollagunta Gopalaiyer Ramanathan
  266. Chidambaram Padmanabhan Ramanujam (MacTutor)
  267. Srinivasa Ramanujan
  268. Robert Alexander Rankin (MacTutor)
  269. Ramanujan website (Prof. K. Srinivasa Rao)
  270. László Rédei
  271. Hans Reichardt
  272. Robert Remak (MacTutor)
  273. Alfréd Rényi
  274. Giovanni Ricci (AA)
  275. Hans-Egon Richert
  276. Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann
  277. Raphael Robinson (MacTutor)
  278. Kirill Andreevich Rodosskii (1913-2004)
  279. Claude Ambrose Rogers
  280. Jonathan Rogawski (1955-2011)
  281. N.P. Romanov
  282. Arnold Ross (NAMS)
  283. John Barkley Rosser (Wikipedia)
  284. Louis Saalschütz (Wikipedia)
  285. Raphaël Salem
  286. Pierre Samuel (Wikipedia)
  287. Giovanii Sansone
  288. Peter Scherk (1910-1985)
  289. Theodor Schneider (MacTutor)
  290. Lev Genrikhovich Schnirel'mann (translation by Vladimir Drobot)
  291. Arnold Scholz
  292. Lowell Schoenfeld (John Ewing's tribute)
  293. Theodor Schönemann (Wikipedia)
  294. Issai Schur (MacTutor)
  295. Jack Schwartz died on March 2, 2009 (author of Algebraic Number Theory, 1961, NYU Institute of Mathematical Sciences) Also see Jack Schwartz Memorial Blog and Wikipedia article
  296. Stefan Schwarz (MacTutor)
  297. Wolfgang Schwarz
  298. Sanford (Sandy) Segal (1937-2010)
  299. Beniamino Segre (AA)
  300. Atle Selberg
  301. Sigmund Selberg (Wikipedia)
  302. Clas-Olaf Selenius
  303. John Selfridge (1927-2010)
  304. Joseph Alfred Serret (MacTutor)
  305. Joseph Shalika (1941-2010), In Memoriam: Joseph A. Shalika 1941-2010, Freydoon Shahidi, American Journal of Mathematics, Volume 132, Number 6, December 2010, pp. iii-iv
  306. Daniel Shanks
  307. Harold Nathaniel Shapiro
  308. Andrei Borisovich Shidlovsky (RMS)
  309. Takuro Shintani (J. Fac. Sci. Tokyo 28 (1981) iii-vi)
  310. Lev Genrikhovich Shnirelman (MacTutor)
  311. Carl Ludwig Siegel
  312. Waclaw Sierpinski
  313. Václav Šimerka (Franz Lemmermeyer, LMS J. Computing and Mathematics, 16 (2013) 118-129) Also see Wikipedia article
  314. Stanley Skewes (Wikipedia)
  315. Albert Thoralf Skolem
  316. Boris Fadeevich Skubenko (1929-1993) (see Zap. Nauchn. Semin. POMI 212 5-14 (1994) and Boris F. Skubenko. An essay on his life and scientific work, Volume 83, Number 5/February, 1997, 689-693)
  317. Henry John Stephen Smith
  318. Robert Arnold Smith (1937-1983) (E. Kani: Rocky Mountain J. 15 (1985) 413-415)
  319. Julius Sommer (Wikipedia)
  320. Vladimir Gennadievich Sprindzuk
  321. Paul Gustav Stäckel (MacTutor)
  322. Gertrude Katherine Stanley
  323. Sergei Borisovich Stechkin (RMS)
  324. Ray Steiner (1942-2014) (The Blade)
  325. Rosemarie Stemmler (July 27, 1930-July 18, 2011)
  326. Moritz Abraham Stern (MacTutor)
  327. Ludwig Stickelberger (Wikipedia)
  328. Thomas Jan Stieltjes (MacTutor)
  329. Richard G. Stoneham (1920-1996)
  330. Carl Størmer (1874-1957) (Carl Størmer in memoriam, by Viggo Brun, Acta Math. 100, 1958, i-vii)
  331. Walter Wilson Stothers
  332. Ernst Gabor Strauss
  333. Erik Stridsberg (1871-1950)
  334. Matukumalli Venkata Subbarao, 1921-2006 (R. Balasubramanian)
  335. George Szekeres(1911-2005)
  336. Teiji Takagi (MacTutor)
  337. Ralph Tambs-Lyche (Obituary by Ernst S. Selmer, Normat 39 (1991))
  338. Yutaka Taniyama
  339. Olga Taussky-Todd (MacTutor)
  340. Paul Emery Thomas (Berkeley memorial)
  341. Axel Thue
  342. Heinrich Franz Friedrich Tietze (MacTutor)
  343. Nikolai Mikhailovich Timofeev (RMS)
  344. Edward Charles Titchmarsh
  345. Paul Turán
  346. Jerzy Urbanowicz
  347. James Victor Uspensky (1883-1947)
  348. Charles-Joseph de la Vallée Poussin
  349. Johannes Gualtherus van der Corput (AA)
  350. Harry Schultz Vandiver (MacTutor)
  351. Joost van Hamel
  352. Jacobus Hendricus van Lint (MacTutor)
  353. Boris Borisovich Venkov died in Aachen on November 10th, 2011
  354. Tirukkannapuram Vijayaraghavan (JLMS 33 (1958) 252-255)
  355. Askol'd Ivanovich Vinogradov (1929-2005)
  356. Ivan Matveevich Vinogradov
  357. Niels Fabian Helge von Koch (MacTutor)
  358. Karl Georg Christian von Staudt (MacTutor)
  359. Sergei Mikhailovich Voronin (RMS)
  360. Georgy Fedoseevich Voronoi (MacTutor)
  361. Arnold Zel'manovich Walfisz
  362. Edward Waring (MacTutor)
  363. Morgan Ward
  364. Jack Warga
  365. George Neville Watson (MacTutor)
  366. George Leo Watson
  367. Heinrich Martin Weber (MacTutor)
  368. André Weil
  369. Alfred Edward Western (JLMS)
  370. Hermann Weyl
  371. Albert Leon Whiteman (NAMS)
  372. Arthur Wieferich
  373. Carl Severin Wigert (Wikipedia)
  374. John Raymond Wilton (Australian dictionary of Biography)
  375. Anders Wiman (Trygve Nagell, Acta Math. 103 (1960) I-VI)
  376. Aurel Friedrich Wintner (MacTutor)
  377. Jan Wójcik (1936-1994) (A. Schinzel, Wiadom. Math. 33 (1997), 199-203)
  378. Joseph Wolstenholme (MacTutor)
  379. Rod Worley died on 24th July 2011
  380. John Wrench Jr.
  381. Sir Edward Maitland Wright
  382. Yoshihiko Yamamoto (died in 2004)
  383. Hans Zassenhaus
  384. Egor Ivanovich Zolotarev

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Last modified 1st October 2014